Varna – Bulgaria

Varna BU

Varna, the summer capital of Bulgaria, is the largest city along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast and the third largest city in the country after Sofia and Plovdiv. It is a wonderful combination of a modern resort and a big industrial centre. The history of the city is long and rich. In the 6th century BC, Greek colonizers from Miletus (Asia Minor) dislodged the local Thracians and founded Odessos (the ancient name of Varna) which meant “town on water” - that century is supposed to be the birth of the town. Succession of invaders and different culture epochs followed - the town fell to the Romans in the 1st century AD; in the 4th AD it was in possession of the Eastern Roman Empire, known as Byzantium; in 6th-7th century the town received its contemporary name from the Slavs which is coming from “Vrana” (“Black”). At last the town became Bulgarian in the 8th century, short after the big event - the foundation of the Bulgarian state by Khan Asparoukh in 681. But not for a long time - in 14th century Varna was again under rule - the Ottoman Empire took control over the whole Bulgaria including Varna in 1393.

After the Russian - Turkish war (1877–1878) on July 27, 1878, Varna was liberated and it grew rapidly. Due to the natural beauty of Varna coast, it was used as a resort as long ago as the 18th century. Varna neighbors such world-famous resorts as St. Constantine and Helena, Sunny Day, Riviera, Zlatni Pyassutsi (Golden Sands) and Albena.